Knowing Endometriosis,The Most Ignored Gynaecological Disorder In Women; Read And Find Out What It Is

You may be familiar with the term ‘Endometriosis’. You may have also heard that the pop star Halsey and Indian film actress Sumona Chakravarti were diagnosed with severe endometriosis. What exactly is endometriosis? And why there is a need to talk about it?

Well, first, let’s define endometriosis. It is a disorder in which a woman at the age of reproduction encounters difficulty to conceive a baby. The condition that can extend till the age of early forties can be described as an abnormal growth of tissues outside the uterus. It can affect any organ associated with reproduction. Not just that, endometriosis stops one from having sound health.

The common symptoms of endometriosis are painful menstruation, cramping, painful sex, constipation, loose motions, bloating, back pain, leg pain, pain while urinating, pain while passing stools, rectal bleeding, intense pelvic pain, infertility, long menstrual cycles, nausea and vomiting. Thus it prevents women from enjoying their day-to-day life activities by giving constant pain and mental stress. It also affects the self-esteem and concentration of women. However, it is not necessary that every woman with endometriosis show these symptoms.

Why now?

A recent medical report shows that endometriosis cases are on a rise after the second Covid-19 wave. This is mainly due to a notable change in lifestyle and food habits. The mental stress from remote work and an imbalance between work and personal life have contributed to the sudden spike in endometriosis. Experts also opine that severe endometriosis will lead to pelvic and breast cancers. Timely diagnosis, proper treatment, awareness and a healthy lifestyle are essential to save women suffering from endometriosis.

Stages of endometriosis:

First of all, women should be aware of the condition. Because doctors find it hard to diagnose it at the early stage and it does not fall under the category ‘rare’. The condition does not get enough attention as there is a tendency to normalize painful, long and irregular periods.

There are four stages for endometriosis. Indeed the first stage of endometriosis is minimal. Here the affected person will develop small amounts of endometriosis tissue on the ovary. The pelvic area may swell during the initial phase. Since these are internal changes, it is really tough to diagnose the disorder at the beginning which makes things worse.

In the second or the ‘mild’ stage, more adhesions may appear on or around the ovaries. They are not usually picked up by ultrasound scanning measures. Hence they are defined as ‘insignificant’ but actually, they are not.

When it reaches the third stage, doctors prefer calling it as the moderate stage. Here the adhesions will be blatantly obvious. Cysts will be visible on the ovaries. Besides that, there will be growth in other areas of the pelvis.

Finally, in the fourth stage commonly termed as ‘severe’, there will be a large number of cysts and adhesions on ovary and pelvic regions. These may affect the fallopian tubes and bowels and cause bowel movements accompanied by terrible period pain.

A third and fourth stage needs surgery conducted by a well-trained and coordinated team of specialists. As it comes outside the realm of routine obstetrics and gynaecology practice, the treatment should be carried by specialized endometriosis centres too.

The patient who has undergone an endometriosis surgery can leave the hospital within 2-3 days. But she should follow strict diet practices and include fitness tips in her chart. Foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids like flax seeds, walnuts, salmon, fresh fruits and vegetables will help. Complete avoidance of fatty foods, alcohol and caffeine is also advised by experts to prevent endometriosis from going to a more critical stage.

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