Learn More About Thyroid, Its Treatment On This World Thyroid Awareness Day 2022

The thyroid gland is a little butterfly-shaped gland located in neck. This gland’s principal purpose is to regulate the body’s metabolic rate. A well-functioning thyroid gland aids in maintaining the proper amount of these hormones in the body. However, if the thyroid gland produces too many or too little thyroid hormones, it can cause a variety of problems. The decrease in thyroid hormone causes hypothyroidism which causes sudden weight gain and the increase in this hormone causes hyperthyroidism.

Symptoms

Patients with hypothyroidism may experience symptoms such as fatigue/sluggishness, cold intolerance, constipation, hair loss, and weight gain. Those with hyperthyroidism may exhibit a racing heart rate, palpitations, anxiety and nervousness, weight loss with increased appetite, excessive sweating, or abnormal menstrual cycles.  When large, thyroid nodules can cause problems swallowing or breathing by compressing the oesophagus or airway.

Causes

A thyroid disorder can be resulting from numerous factors, such as iodine deficiency, malfunctioning of the other important glands in the system, inflammation of the thyroid gland, etc.

Diagnosis

If the medical doctor detects an underlying thyroid issue, he might also additionally advice the affected patient to go through a sequence of diagnostic checks. These checks are easy blood checks which might be used to assess the levels of thyroid hormones in the body, consisting of T3, T4, and TSH.

Treatment

  1. Anti-thyroid drugs: There are medicines utilized by medical doctors to forestall the thyroid gland from making hormones.
  2. Radioactive iodine :This treatment impacts your thyroid cells, stopping them from generating sufficient thyroid hormones.
  3. Beta-blockers: This is a kind of drugs that doesn’t modify the extent of hormones in your body, however facilitates you control your signs and symptoms.
  4. Thyroid replacement medication: This medicine is mainly used to deal with hypothyroidism. It’s a medicine that balances your body’s inadequate thyroid hormone production.

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